Definition of Sinusitis
Sinusitis is the inflammation or inflammation of the sinus wall. This inflammation is often caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Sinuses are small cavities filled with air that is located behind the cheekbones and forehead. Sinusitis including common diseases that can infect people of all ages. Symptoms of sinusitis are:
- Fever with a temperature of 38 ° Celsius or more
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Pain in the face and sore when pressed
- Loss of sense of smell
Sinus layout In Human Body PartsOpen a hole in the nasal sinuses and help control temperature and humidity into the lungs paru.Terdapat four pairs of sinuses in the framework of the human head is behind the forehead, on both sides of the nose, behind the eyes, and behind the cheekbones.
Mucous or mucous produced by the sinuses drain into the nose through tiny channels. These channels can be blocked if the sinuses are infected or inflamed.
Main Causes Occurrences SinusitisCauses of sinusitis is the most common viral infection. Often caused by virus flu or colds spread sinus of the upper respiratory tract. After a cold or flu, secondary bacterial infections can occur. This will cause the walls of the sinus inflammation or inflammation. Infected teeth can also make the sinuses become infected.
Steps Diagnose SinusitisDiagnosis of sinusitis can be done by a doctor to look at the symptoms occur. For example, blocked or runny nose with pain in the face. If sinusitis suffered severe or reappears, you are advised to see a specialist ENT (ear, nose, throat). These specialists will try to find the main cause of sinusitis is happening. CT scans can also be used to find out the cause of sinusitis.
Medications To Overcome SinusitisApproximately 60% of patients with sinusitis do not need to see a doctor because most cases are caused by viruses will disappear by itself. Sinusitis took about two to three weeks to heal completely. This condition is longer than colds. If you suffer from mild sinusitis, drugs painkillers and decongestants will help reduce symptoms.
Consult a doctor if symptoms do not improve after a week of starting treatment, deteriorated or persistent back. In such cases, antibiotics and steroid spray or drops may be prescribed by a doctor. For severe cases of sinusitis, surgery is needed it is possible to improve the sine function and also its drainage function. Surgery is only recommended if treatment of sinusitis others fail to deliver results.
Diseases That Can Resultant Complications SinusitisComplications of sinusitis is very rare. When complications occur, the condition is more likely to infect children than adults. Sinusitis in children can cause cellulitis. Cellulitis is an infection that causes swelling of the eyelids and cheekbones. This is caused by the spread of bacteria on the skin or tissue cells.
If symptoms appear, take your child to see a doctor. Maybe your child will be referred to see a specialist ENT. For severe cases of sinusitis, antibiotics are given to control the spread of infection to the surrounding bone.
Complications of acute sinusitis include:
- Trigger a recurrence of asthma.
- The occurrence of chronic sinusitis or long term.
- If the infection spreads to the walls of the brain, can cause meningitis.
- Problems in sight. Reduced vision or even blindness.
- Trigger ear infections.